[Hindi] How are Tides Formed - Spring Tides & Neap Tides - UPSC IAS - Pk hindi tech :- Technologies se related jaankari hindi me

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[Hindi] How are Tides Formed - Spring Tides & Neap Tides - UPSC IAS

[Hindi] How are Tides Formed - Spring Tides & Neap Tides - UPSC IAS

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How are Tides Formed - low, high, spring, neap tide for upsc

So, Tide kya hai? Basically samundra may water ke rise and fall ko tide kehte hai, Yeh ek din may 1 or 2 times bante hai. Aur aisa sun and moon ke attraction ke karan hota hai. Ab Mai yaha aapko yeh explain karunga ki tide kaise work karte hai? waise yaha bahut se factors hai jinke wajh se tide form hota hai magar unme se 3 reason sabse jayada important hai i.e. The Sun, The Moon & The Earth. Inn teeno huge body ke apne alag alag gravitational pull hai jiski wajah se Ocean may tide bante hai.

Jaisa ki hum sab ko pata hai earth ka mass moon ke compare may jyada hai ( Earth > Moon) isliye moon earth ke orbit may ghumta hai lekin agar aap earth ko sun se compare kar ke dekhe toh earth ka mass sun se bahut kam hai ( Sun > Earth) aur isliye earth sun ke orbit may ghumta hai. So, yaha aapko yeh toh clear ho gya hoga ki smaller body larger body ke orbit may ghumta hai means larger body smaller body ke upar jyada gravitaional pull exert karta hai. I hope aapko yaha tak sab kuch samjh aa gya hoga.

Ab mai aapko thoda practically example ke jariye bataunga ki tide kaise bante hai aur yeh kitne type ke hote hai.

Tides kaise Formed Hote hai? 

#1. Moon's impact on earth's ocean



what cause tides| Tides formed - Neap tide and spring tide in hindi

Jaisa ki aap image may dekh paa rhe hoge jab Moon bilkul Earth ke upar ho, iss condition may dono body ek dusre ke upar gravitational pull exert karenge, Aur jab baat ocean ki aaye toh aap jaante ho ki water fluid hai aur fluid easily move karta hai, ab aise may jab earth ka koi bhi ocean water wala region directly moon ke niche aayega toh moon ka gravitational force usse pull karta hai jisse ocean water upar lift hota hai means ocean may tide form hota hai aur ussi waqt earth ke dusre side bhi ek tide form hota hai kyuki earth ka dusra side moon se bahut dur hota hai aur centrifugal force (jo earth ke gravity ko counterbalance karta hai ) ki wajah se ek aur tide form hota hai. So, yaha 2 tidal buldges earth ke opposite sides pay ek sath form hote hai pehla moon ke gravitational pull ke karan aur dusra centrifugal force ke karan aur yeh dono tides High tides hote hai aur  same time pay earth ke dusre dono side jo moon ke 90 degree angle pay hote hai waha low tide form hota hai ( Jais ki upar ki image may dikh rha hai).
Ab yaha tak toh baat hogai sirf moon and earth ki ab sun ka kya? sun kis tarah se effect karta hai ocean water may tide formation ko, chaliye jaante hai.

#2. Sun's impact on tide formation.

Jaisa ki maine aapko pehle bataya Sun solar system may savi celestial body se jyada bada hai iska matlb sun aur jyada gravitational pull exert karega aur jiska asar tide formation pay bhi hoga, magar yaha sun ka gravitational pull 2 kaam kar sakta hai :-
  1. Moon ke gravitational pull ko increase krna
  2. Moon ke gravitational pull ko decrease krna


Moon ke gravitational pull ko increase krna

spring tide| higher tide in ocean

Jaisa ki aap image may dekh paa rhe hoge, jab The Earth,The Moon & The Sun ek straight line may ho aise may sun moon ke piche hoga isliye yeh moon ke gravitational pull ko aur jyada badha dega aur aise condition may ocean may bahut jyada higher tides form honge isse SPRING TIDE kehte hai.

Moon ke gravitational pull ko decrease karna

neap tide | lower tide in ocean



Jab sun moon ke right angled pay ho jaisa ki aap upar ki image may dekh paa rhe hoge aise condition may sun moon ke gravitational pull ko kam kar dega jisse ocean water may low tide form hote hai aur isse NEAP TIDE kehte hai.
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